Saturday, June 27, 2020
The Impact of Mobile Technologies to the Work-Life Balance (Research Paper Sample) Content: Module Code: Class/Group: Module Title: Assessment Title: Assignment Title: Impact of Mobile Technology on Work-Life BalanceTutor Name: Student ID Number: Date of Submission: ABSTRACTThis research gives an account of the relationship between mobile media and work-life balance. It elaborates on the theoretical framework of the concept by addressing four central research questions, adopted methodological strategy on the basis of secondary research content and detailed discussion on research findings in conclusion. Hence, the content revolves around the necessity/convenience of mobile technology, difference in technological acceptance among different age groups and in between working men and women, experience of Chinese and Scottish mobile workers who are using mobile technology in an attempt to deal with their work-life balance. This paper ends with a hope that individuals and organizations will cooperate each other in coping with the problem of work-life balance.1. IN TRODUCTION1.1 BackgroundMedia historians commonly recognize a wide-ranging shift when, at the threshold of the 20th century, transfer of data between two or more distant devices shifted from the common point-to-point directconnection protocol to broadcast/multicast transmissions. A telephone call is an example of point-to-point communication in which two phones are connected with each other and the message is only heard between the caller and the receiver. On contrary, a radio or television program is transmitted over airwaves for public reception. The disseminating nature of broadcast reception like radio or television industry directed it towards family use. In other words, in society broadcasting system produced a new recipe of increasing mobility and decreasing sociability, with the domestication of radio and television wavelengths captured into the bedrooms of personal spaces. Like at first, the mobile phone was essentially a wireless telephone, providing increased possibili ties of direct communication throughout physical space. The progress of mobile or portable electronic devices in a network system with real-time entry to broadcast contents produced fitting situations, however, for further types of expansion. A very simplistic historical outline of change in communication system such as this is adequate to ponder how potentially enticing it is to portray the point of convergence and unity of cause and effect between technological change and makeovers in communication rationales. 1.2 Research Question and StructureThis project report is an exciting opportunity to provide a secondary research based understanding of the socio-cultural impact of the mobile technology on work-life-balance of workers. To this end, we explore four research questions in total. The following first three of those questions address the general conceptual and theoretical frameworks of the study.RQ1: Has it become necessity or convenience to use mobile devices in all social situ ations? RQ2: If there exists any difference in mobile phone usage among different age groups. RQ3: If there exists any gender-specific differences in how career-men and career-women experience the changing limits between home and work through information and communication technologies.The last research question narrow its subject particularly focusing on Chinese and Scottish workers. Quantitative research methods will be scrutinized from available desk research data to address the topic. RQ4: If there is any specific different user experience of Chinese and Scottish mobile workers who are using mobile technology in an attempt to deal with their work-life balance. This report opens with exploring the basic conceptual and academic frameworks of the study. This study report presents its theoretical understanding of the subject matter relying on analysis and discussion of prevalent literatures of this field. Hence, primary focus is on framing broader understanding of mobile technology and work-life balance highlighting the case of Chinese and Scottish workers.2. LITERATURE REVIEWThis report pronounces new edge mobile communication technology is quickly effacing the border of work-life and domestic life. Domestication of public wavelength broadcast has created new geographies of visibility here traditional concept of time and space is challenged, here You are always there. Future studies need to elaborate more on how individuals and organizations help each other to integrate private and occupational life effectively.2.1 Technological Advances and Work-Life SpilloverOne can continue narrative enquiry and sense-making to suggest that while development of mobile technologies create ample opportunities for individuals to systematize occupational tasks in resourceful ways to figure out more private time, the connection appears complex and contradictory. At one side, employees may employ technology in such a way that extends the hours and value of time specified for pe rsonal activities. A mobile worker can work whole evening, spending the morning time with his/her child. Modern workplaces can be portable roaming in the car you can respond to an email, you may be logged in while taking an afternoon tea outside office premises hence maximizing work sphere into what were traditionally known as non-work spaces. In opposition, you may be engaged in online shopping/watching videos/texting family and friends while you are waiting for a meeting to start thereby exploiting personal engagements into what was conventionally known as work-space. Now, one can be employed to work from home from a reputed company. Thus, for the company the worker proves to be cost effective and for the worker, its a great chance to avoid commutation hazards and corporate decorum. This sense of satisfactory schedule tends to have greater feel of contentment with jobs and life in general, as well as lesser levels of anxiety and melancholy. However, technology-based mobility c an produce a conflict in which job overrules private setting. Modern Concerns about life-work balance arise from this particular point, i.e., fusing of work-family boundary due to digital connectivity. Francesca Cirianni discusses about the genesis of Work-Family conflict and superbly summarizes the development of its theory. The segmentation model of hypothesis separates domestic life and occupational life as autonomous domains, without any correlation. The compensation model of hypothesis judges certain dominant role of people as the manifestation of their dissatisfaction, which is compensated when people take refuge in anther role. The spillover model of hypothesis regards in certain instances a particular field experience can spread into anther field of life tending to be either negative or positive in its effect. The Role model of hypothesis suggests that the involvement in a specific (work or family) role becomes complicated due to sharing involvement in another (family or job ) role (Cirianni, 2015). 2.2 Gender, Age and Work-Life BalanceKarlene Cousins and Daniel Robey postulate Portable communication system typically offers some characteristic features [affordances] namely: adaptability/mobility, connectivity, interoperability/exchangeability of data, identifiability and Intelligent Adaptation/ personalization. They deduce that these affordances make it possible for mobile workers to practice personalized boundary management in order to maintain work-life balance. With the help of these affordances/ technological features individuals maintain multi-tasking and attain their controlled work-life balance (Robey Cousins, 2015). However, Catherine Middletons article gives some exceptional insights elaborating on how middle to upper-middle class female professionals regulate their smart-phone use. In their survey, the younger women-group is relentless in replying quickly to emails and texts. In doing so, they tirelessly convey receptiveness and reliability t o their fellow workers. Some of them sustain this always responsible habit even when they are on holiday. For these young females, this habit of unbridled availability interfering into their family life is seen as expected and minor compromise, which their families should welcome. On contrary, the older women-group is found to be far more meticulous about limiting their availability to their fellow workers and protecting their personal hours more strongly. Though the survey does not reveal any reason behind this habitual contrast between older and younger working women attitude towards their job one can assume the idea of motherhood/ parenting/ care-giving as an intervening factor which usually grows up with age (Middleton, 2007).2.3 The Case of Chinese and Scottish WorkersAdoption of Communication and information system also varies greatly among countries where it is accepted in accordance with the need of both workers and organizations. Studies suggest that Chinese Organizations in the country are expecting to introduce official portable work-style agenda and events to raise awareness of data information safety (Citrix.Com, 2012). A Mobile Work-styles Survey by Citrix.Com shows Chart 4: Worldwide Survey on Mobile Work-Styles[Organizations of] Countries Implementing Mobile Work-Styles EarliestAdoption Percentage1.United States902.China853.Brazil814.India775.UK726.France717.Germany71[Organizations of] Countries Having Employees Desiring Mobile Work-StylesMobile Work-StylesDesiring Employee Percentage1.Netherlands692.Sweden693.China744.Hong Kong615.Japan61The online survey Modern Families Index 2015: Scotland represents 1005 working parents across Scotland w...
Sunday, June 7, 2020
HomeFinancePrivate LoansTypes of Student Loans: Which Ones Are Best For You?This page may contain affiliate links.Nov 16, 2019Chances are that youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to use student loans as a way to help fund college. After all, the price of college continues to rise, and while itÃ¢â¬â¢s possible to get scholarships and grants, these might not completely cover expenses. Figuring out the right student loan mix between the types of federal and private student loans can be a daunting task. LendKeyÃ¢â¬â¢s Jeff Fritz points out that each student and family situation is different, so you need to consider your own circumstances when determining the right types of student loans to use for college What to Consider When Determining Types Of Loans To Use For College There are some basic items Fritz said should be considered when you start looking at your federal vs. private student loan mix. These items can provide you with an overall approach to your student loans. What Do I Qualify for Based on the SchoolÃ¢â¬â¢s Award Letter? Take a look at the award letter from your school. Do you qualify for Direct Subsidized loans? With a Subsidized loan, Fritz points out, the government covers your interest while youÃ¢â¬â¢re in school. With Unsubsidized loans, interest begins accruing on your loan immediately. However, there are limits to how much you can borrow in Subsidized and Unsubsidized loans, so itÃ¢â¬â¢s important to keep that mind. Additionally, you might qualify for need-based financial aid or some type of scholarship, so you might not need to get loans beyond Subsidized and Unsubsidized federal loans. Carefully read the award letter to see if you get Work Study and access to other programs that might reduce your need for loans. What are the Origination Fees? Ã¢â¬Å"The federal loan programs currently have origination fees,Ã¢â¬ says Fritz. Ã¢â¬Å"Those need to be factored into the APR when comparing federal and private loans.Ã¢â¬ He points out that most private lenders, including many of those partnering with LendKey, donÃ¢â¬â¢t charge origination fees for their loans. This can make a difference in repayment down the road. Do You Have a Cosigner? When you get a federal loan, you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to worry about your credit or income situation. You donÃ¢â¬â¢t need a cosigner, so these loans are pretty easy to get. However, says Fritz, Ã¢â¬Å"Most private lenders require a cosigner for undergraduates unless you meet credit and income criteria.Ã¢â¬ If you have a cosigner, Fritz continues, you might be able to get a great deal on a private student loan. As a parent, your credit history can also play a role in how to proceed. Ã¢â¬Å"Federal PLUS loans traditionally have had more lenient underwriting standards than private loans,Ã¢â¬ says Fritz. As a result, if there are credit problems, there might be little choice beyond turning to federal undergraduate loans, and using parent PLUS loans for additional funding. WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s Your Chosen Profession? Ã¢â¬Å"Certain professions in public service and teaching could qualify you for loan forgiveness through the federal loan programs if you meet certain criteria,Ã¢â¬ says Fritz. For those who think they will work in a profession that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t pay well, but that qualifies them for Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) or some other program, itÃ¢â¬â¢s possible to use income-driven repayment until you are eligible for forgiveness. In this case, focusing on federal loans can make sense. However, Fritz warns, the acceptance of PSLF has been relatively low since the first cohort became eligible in 2017. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s important to carefully weigh the chances of receiving forgiveness before you hang all your hopes on it. Can You Make Payments While in School? Fritz uses an example of a borrower who takes out a $10,000 loan at 6% interest, with four years left until graduation, to illustrate the benefits of making payments during school. Such a student would owe a total of $6,852 in interest if they deferred all payment until after graduation. However, just by making monthly interest payments while in school, that student would only pay a total of $3,322 in interest for the loan, saving $3,530. Ã¢â¬Å"Making fixed or interest-only payments while in school is beneficial, regardless of what type of student loan you choose,Ã¢â¬ says Fritz. Ã¢â¬Å"Some private lenders provide their lowest rates to those who make interest-only or fixed payments while in school.Ã¢â¬ Whose Name You Want the Loans In Another consideration, says Fritz, is who you want to be ultimately responsible for the loan. If you want the loans in a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s name, it can be a good idea to have them get the undergraduate Direct loans, and then cosign on private loans. With a parent PLUS loan, on the other hand, a parentÃ¢â¬â¢s name is on the loan, which doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t sit well with all parents. Some of the lenders partnering with LendKey offer cosigner release options, based on the number of consecutive payments made, as well as the borrowerÃ¢â¬â¢s credit score and income. If a borrower has a history of on-time payments and a decent income, thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a chance that the cosignerÃ¢â¬â¢s name can be taken off the loan, which is an advantage that isnÃ¢â¬â¢t present with a parent PLUS loan. Different Types of Student Loans Explained: Federal vs. Private Loans When considering your mix of federal and private loans, Fritz recommends keeping some of the advantages and disadvantages of each type of student loan in mind. Federal Loans Offer: No or minimal credit check Repayment flexibility through income-driven repayment Loan forgiveness for certain professions Fixed interest rates The ability to change repayment plans at any time Private Loans Offer: A choice of fixed or variable interest rates No origination fees in most cases The ability to make interest-only or fixed in-school payments to reduce overall loan cost Repayment incentives for on-time payment Additional access to tools and resources for borrowers (e.g. career coaching) When you assess your desired student loan mix, keep what each type of loan offers in mind. Compare offers, and determine which features best match your current situation Ã¢â¬â and future expectations. Choosing The Types Of Student Loans To Borrow Ã¢â¬Å"Everyone in higher education, from the federal government to colleges and universities, to private lenders, agree that you should exhaust your federal undergraduate options first,Ã¢â¬ says Fritz. Ã¢â¬Å"This means completing the FAFSA to see what type of grant and scholarship aid you may receive along with potential work-study and federal loan options.Ã¢â¬ According to Fritz, the Direct Subsidized loan should be utilized, due to its favorable in-school interest situation. However, once that is determined and you realize you need more funding to close the gap, itÃ¢â¬â¢s important to consider private loans. Ã¢â¬Å"If you or your cosigner have excellent credit, and you will likely be in a field that is not going to qualify you for certain payment plans or loan forgiveness, then private loans might be a better option for you,Ã¢â¬ says Fritz. Ã¢â¬Å"Students and their parents need to do their homework and compare options.Ã¢â¬
Monday, May 18, 2020
The play Antigone was written by Sophocles around four hundred forty B.C.E, in the height of the golden age of Greece. Theater was then, as it is now, a medium through which to implicate the outlooks of its writer and to examine moral issues, whilst providing entertainment. The subjects discussed through theater were often deeply rooted in the dialogue of the characters in the plays and struck the chords of the audience such that enlightenment could take place, and in that day and age this purpose was valued. Each episode and stasimon was laced with nuances of whatever message the author wished to convey; political themes were common, particularly regarding the foundations of democracy that were being laid, as well as themes of fate andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦He uses this reasoning to justify his refusal to give a dignified burial to Polynices, whom he sees as a traitor. At first this seems plausible, but when his decree is defied, Creon embarks on a power trip. His admirable loyalty to his state regresses into self-centered control of it, as he plainly reveals in a conversation with Haemon: And is Thebes about to tell me how to rule? Haemon: Now, you see? Whos talking like a child? Am I to rule this land for others- or myself? Haemon: Its no city alt all, owned by one man alone. What? The city is the kings- thats the law! Haemon: What a splendid king youd make of a desert island- you and you alone. (who knew- Sophocles had a sense of humor! lines 821- 827). Its evident that part of the stimulus for his rampage is the authority that has been afforded to him- If this is your pleasure, Creon, treating our citys enemy and our friend this way...The power is yours, I suppose, to enforce it with the laws, both for the dead and all of us, the living (lines 236-239)- and that, when coupled with pride, this ability is a precarious privilege to hold. The first symptom of tyranny that Creon contracts is paranoia. After hearing the news that Polynices body has been uncovered, he says: No, from the first there were certain citizens who could hardly stand the spirit ofShow MoreRelatedAntigone by Sophocles622 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesIn the playwright Antigone by Sophocles, the characters reveal their values while exposing a life lessons through their actions, dialogue, thoughts ,and effects on others. Antigone starts with two brothers, Eteocles and Polyneices, being killed at battle. Creon, the king of Thebes, declares that EteoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ death will be honored and PolyneicesÃ¢â¬â¢ dishonored. He instead will lay unburied to become the food of animals. When the play opens, Antigone takes Ismene, Antigone and Ismene are sisters of the deadRead MoreThe Women s Rights Movement856 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesshines light on Sophocles believes is the drama Antigone. In Antigone, Sophocles cleverly constructed this play to get his moral lessons, religious views, and the values of wisdom. The drama Antigone begins with Antigone, her brothers Polynices and Eteocles have just died in battle, and considering at this point, their father Oedipus as died and their uncle Creon, has taken the throne. Creon deems Polynices as traitorous, and he cannot be buried. Antigone tells her sister Ismene that she is defying CreonRead MoreThe Conflict Of Sophocles Antigone1500 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ Antigone centers around a familial feud that develops between Antigone and Creon when Antigone decides to bury her brother and CreonÃ¢â¬â¢s niece, Polyneices. While Antigone believes that it is her religious and familial duty to bury her brother, Creon objects, citing the Theban civil war which took place right before the events of the play. Adhering to Greek literary tradition, Sophocles ultimately seeks not just to entertain the audience but also to teach a moral lesson, in this case aboutRead MoreSophocles Antigone Essay1702 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ play Ã¢â¬Å"AntigoneÃ¢â¬ illustrates the conflict between obeying human and divine law. The play opens after OedipusÃ¢â¬â¢ two sons Eteocles and Polyneices have killed each other in a civil war for the throne of Thebes. OedipusÃ¢â¬â¢ brother in law Creon then assumes the throne. He dictates that Eteocles shall receive a state funeral and honors, while Polyneices shall be left in the streets to rot away. Creon believes that PolyneicesÃ¢â¬â¢ body shall be condemned to this because of his civil disobedience andRead MoreThe Moral Of The Story Of Antigone857 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmisnamed. Outside the city gates, Antigone tells Ismene that Creon has ordered that Eteocles, who died defending the city, is to be buried with full honors, while the body of Polynices, the invader, is left to rot. Furthermore, Creon has declared that anyone attempting to bury Polynices shall be publicly stoned to death. Outraged, Antigone reveals to Ismene a plan to bury Polynices in secret, despite Creon s order. When Ismene timidly refuses to defy the king, Antigone angrily rejects her and goes offRead MoreEssay on Antigone Conflicts856 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Conflicts in Antigone nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;There were three basic conflicts that caused Antigone and Creon to clash as violently as they did. First, was the conflict of the individual versus the state, in which Antigone represented the individual and Creon the king, the state. The second conflict can be described as following ones conscience and ideals versus following the law strictly. In this conflict Antigone makes decisions based on her conscience and ideals while Creon is the strictRead MoreTheme Of Antigone 964 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages12, 2016 Theme In Antigone Sweeping dramas of rival families and of rival family members seeking control of a kingdom are very popular now. One obvious example is Game of Thrones, which continues to break viewership records and also engender controversy. Such sagas, however, are nothing new. Antigone, a play by Sophocles and the sequel to AeschylusÃ¢â¬â¢ Seven Against Thebes, provides an ancient Greek perspective on the themes of power, duty, and law while providing a moral lesson about the consequencesRead More moralant Essay on the Moral Dilemma in Sophocles Antigone885 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Antigone:nbsp; Barbaric King, Hopeful Princess and Moral Dilemma Antigone is a play that mainly deals with differences among characters that cause life long drawbacks and threatening resolutions. The drama is portrayed through Antigone and Creons characters who undoubtedly resemble each other. Although they try to be masters of their own fate and eventually succumb to grieving outcomes, they both seem to have the values of a tragic hero. Although, they have their differences, their battleRead MoreArticle Review: Antigona: A Voice Rebuking Power by Margaret E Montoya947 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesunderstanding of Sophocles play Antigone. The article detailed a trip to Mexico to see a performance of Antigone in Spanish, but also discussed the legal aspect of King Creons decisions. In the play King Creon acted in ways that were considered to be completely in line with the legal system of the time, however, those actions were also cruel and went against what was believed to be a higher law: the law of the gods. This seeming inconsistency between what was l egal and what was moral not only plagued the peopleRead More Sophocles Antigone - Creon and Antigone are Two of a Kind Essay638 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Creon and Antigone Ã¢â¬â Two of a Kind nbsp; A popular message of the media these days is that underneath the surface, despite our external differences, were all really quite similar.Ã Whether or not that is a universal truth, it certainly applies to Creon and Antigone, the main characters Sophocles tragedy Antigone.Ã They appear different outwardly but are two of a kind in personality.Ã Throughout Antigone, they are in almost constant contention with each other.Ã They are on opposite
Sunday, May 17, 2020
From the mining to burning, coal creates large amounts of pollution, and damages the environment. Ã¢â¬Å"Clean CoalÃ¢â¬ is a myth, there is only less dirty coal. This is why fracking should be used to obtain other fuels, which are cleaner. Fracking is a process in which different fluids are pumped into the earth at high pressures to drill a hole. Horizontal fracking is when after they reach a certain depth, the nozzle makes a ninety degree turn to reach areas that were previously unreachable. Once the deposit is reached, the fluid is pumped back out. The fluid is mostly water mixed with a proppant like sand or small ceramic balls with some lubricating chemicals.. Horizontal fracking was developed by George Mitchell in 1998. He discovered theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Gigawatts are used when powering a city or come from a power plant. This is a very large amount of power that can be obtained, it is one and a half times more power than is currently obtained from coal, while at t he same time being much cleaner. Geothermal deposits are deposits of heat inside the earth. It can be used to heat buildings and generate power (Biello 20). Petroleum is used to create many different everyday things, such as plastic. It is also what allows people to drive cars. Petroleum is used for many things, and hydraulic fracking allows greater access to it. Without hydraulic fracking, many fuel deposits would remain inaccessible, and stop the public from being able to utilize them. Fracking can help create jobs and also lowers or pays the costs of living. Geothermal power is used for heat, Ã¢â¬Å"Geothermal fracking can help families save up to one thousand dollars on heatingÃ¢â¬ (Promise and Peril). The saving of money is due to the fact that the geothermal energy is used to power the heating and cooling of the house, since it is run within the house, the power from geothermal energy goes to the house. This reduces the need of bringing in energy from a power plant and so r elieves some of the cost (Promise and Peril). The plants create jobs, Ã¢â¬Å"Workers on oil rigs in North Dakota can make Seventy-thousand in five months. Supervisors earn three hundred and twenty thousand dollars a yearÃ¢â¬ (Merrill 973-974). Since it allows access toShow MoreRelatedFracking : Fracking And Fracking879 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFracking is the process of drilling and injecting fluids or even gas into the ground at a high pressure in order to fracture rocks to release gas inside. Some types of fracking are Hydraulic Fracking and Pneumatic Fracking. Hydraulic fracking happens when a liquid fluid such as water, oil and acid just to name a few is used to fracture rocks to release gas. The water brought in is mixed with sand and chemicals to create fracking fluid. Approximately 40,000 gallons of chemicals are used per fracturingRead MoreThe Argument Against Hydraulic Fracturing1378 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesArgument against Hydraulic Fracturing Hydraulic Fracturing is the process in which a borehole is made on earth, and the Shale rock is broken in order to harvest natural gas by drilling pipes vertically,and horizontally.Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking draws in the addition of more than a million gallons of water,sand,and chemicals being added below earth s surface at a high pressure down a vertical,and horizontal pipeline.As the mixture travels down the pipe it breaks the Shale rock realisingRead More Hydraulic Fracturing: Fracking for a Better World Essay3559 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagesrenewable sources are not yet fully developed, there are many who claim that a Ã¢â¬Å"bridge fuelÃ¢â¬ is needed to meet the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s requirements while more sustainable energy sources are developed. One proposed option is shale gas produced through a process called hydraulic fracturing, or Ã¢â¬Å"fracking.Ã¢â¬ But this energy source is highly polarizing, with strong advocates and detractors. While there are many who believe hydraulic fracturing should not be used in the quest for natural resources, the process hasRead MoreHydraulic Fracking Essay15746 Words Ã |Ã 63 PagesHydraulic Fracturing (Ã¢â¬Å"FrackingÃ¢â¬ ) LAS 432 Ã¢â¬â Technology, Society, and Culture Team B Michael Griffin Mark Hartwick Alena Hutson Kansas Gentry Kevin Gracia Professor Douglas McCoy 8/24/12 Contents ThesisÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Page 3 AbstractÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.Page 3 Hydraulic Fracturing DescriptionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.Page 4 History of Fracking.....................Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..Page 5 Cultural ContextÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦PageRead MoreFracking4932 Words Ã |Ã 20 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ Do the benefits of hydraulic fracturing outweigh the costs? John H. Redpath US Centre 601 IRR April 11, 2014 After decades of trial and error, in 2001 George Mitchell, Chairman and CEO of Mitchell Energy Development Corp., cracked the code on what is today considered to be the new gold rush of the energy industry. By successfully commercializing hydraulic fracturing in the Barnett shale deposit, Mitchell ushered in a newRead MoreNorth Dakota s State Regulatory Agencies2619 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pagesthreats going on in society today? In North Dakota, the method called Ã¢â¬Å"hydraulic fracturingÃ¢â¬ is being used to recover most of the oil and gas throughout the state. This calls for concern regarding the environment. Some environmental concerns include the fear of ground water contamination, possible earthquakes, and other potential harms. However, North Dakota has seen huge economic benefits from the advancements in hydraulic fracturing technology and the current high energy prices in the United StatesRead MoreEssay about The Problems with Fracking 2005 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesNo Fracking Way Imagine a world where fresh and clear water was a luxury. Imagine water so contaminated with chemicals that every plant it comes into contact with dies. As the trees begin to die, oxygen levels drop. As the vegetation dies, wildlife begins to die out. The polluted water which flows through the ground into wells causes instant contamination. As the water flows out of the sink, one can strike a match and light the liquid on fire. Showering in these chemicals is out of the questionRead MoreExtraction Of Oil And Gas2087 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagespermeability rock, shale, known as high-volume slick-water hydraulic fracturing, or Ã¢â¬Å"frackingÃ¢â¬ , in order to break the rock and increase permeability. This method of fracturing does, in fact, prove to be a promising and efficient way to extract oil and gas from shale, but the cons that follow outweigh the pros of successfully providing energy essentials which affect the same world itÃ¢â¬â¢s providing for. Although high-volume slick-water hydraulic fracturing successfully extracts oil and gas from shale andRead MoreThe Effects Of Fracking On The American Public2044 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesNo matter what the government does to promote hydraulic fracturing, it is still going to be extremely unappealing to those knowledgeable on the topic. As Lisa Bracken states, Ã¢â¬Å"Crap is crap no matter what package you put it inÃ¢â¬ (GasLand). Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, is the process of drilling about a mile into the shale below. Once the shale has been reached, water, sand, and a mixture of over 500 chemicals are injected into the Earth. When the pressure of the Earth hits a certain point, aRead MoreChemistry : Water Chemistry And Water Quality4268 Words Ã |Ã 18 Pageseffect the whole community as they get absorbed by the soil and go into out water system and can carried over via natural rain water rushing down a side walk and therefor could harm a neighbour or their pets and children. Letting the homeowner know th at yes it is her lawn and she can put herbicides on her lawn if she wants to however letting her know the damagers that could effect her and explaining how it can effect her community would be my respond to her argument. c. Keeping your lawn thick and healthy
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
What makes a murderer? The mind of someone who commits such heinous crimes has never really been diagnosed. The chromosomal patterns have yet to be determined. So what causes someone to kill? Are serial killers and mass murderers more of a product of their own upbringing and environment or of delusional thoughts from a chemical imbalance? Someone who kills is an obsessed individual who lacks a conscience and who has no remorse. All the known characteristics of someone who kills point to something beyond our comprehension. Ted Bundy and Charles Manson are both infamous in the world of criminal history. Not all killers are the same: they may have grown up differently, used certain killing methods, and had a unique pool of victims. IyanlaÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Bundy was born as Theodore Robert Cowell on November 24, 1946 at a home in Burlington, Vermont for unwed mothers. He started his life as a secret shame. His mother, Eleonor Cowell, also known as Louise, was a 22-year-old unwed woman, whose parents were deeply religious. Bundy was raised as the adopted son of his grandparents and was told that his mother was his sister to hide the fact that he was an illegitimate child born out of wedlock. Bundy later found out that his sister was actually his mother and her husband, Johnnie Bundy, formally adopted him. Bundy grew to be very articulate and intelligent as well as charming. However, when he was younger, Bundy was shy and he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t do well with his peers. By the time he was in his teens, he started showing signs of a darker side. Bundy recalled that he wandered the streets looking for discarded pornography and peering into other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s windows. When Bundy was 18, his extensive juvenil e record for theft was dismissed. Eventually, in 1972, Bundy discovered his true passion, which was viciously assaulting his earliest confirmed victim in 1974. Ultimately, Ted Bundy and Charles Manson had completely different upbringings. Each killer uses their own different killing methods. Charles Manson believed in an impending apocalyptic race war, which he called Ã¢â¬Å"Helter SkelterÃ¢â¬ after the song written by the Beatles. Manson had a group of 100 followers,Show MoreRelatedHow Serial Killers came to be Essay1921 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesA serial killer is traditional defined as the separate killings of three or more people by an individual over a certain period of time, usually with breaks between the murders. (Angela Pilson, p. 2, 2011) This definition has been accepted by both the police and academics and therefore provides a useful frame of reference (Kevin Haggerty, p.1, 2009). The paper will seek to provide the readers with an explanation of how serial killers came to be and how they are portrayed in the media. Several serialRead More Serial Killers in the U.S. Essays4042 Words Ã |Ã 17 PagesBefore we can discuss what serial killers do, we must first define what a serial killer is. Some people might place serial killers into the same group as mass murderers. This would be incorrect because they are two totally different types of killers. While both of these individuals may kill many people, the difference lies in the reason they kill and the period over which they kill their victims. An event or a build up of circumstance triggers mass murderers and causes them to act. This may
English 101 March 13, 2013 Binge Drinking VS the Drinking Age Presidents of college campuses around the nation face issues of underage drinking and binge drinking on a regular basis and realizes that it is a danger and a problem. Ã¢â¬Å"Alcohol consumption is the third leading cause of death in the U.S., a major contributing factor to unintentional injuries, the leading cause of death for youths and young adults, and accounts for an estimated 75,000 or more deaths in the United States annuallyÃ¢â¬ (Wechsler 2010). Binge drinking can be loosely defined as consuming five or more drinks at one sitting for men and four drinks for women. Binge drinking amongst college students is a social activity that allows students to let loose and Ã¢â¬Å"fit inÃ¢â¬ .Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In this article/study one of the variables studied was demographics, including age. The article states that age only plays a modest role in predicting binge drinking. They studied college students under age 21 and over age 21 and the odds ratios were so close that they determined that the minimum age drinking laws virtually have no effect on binge drinking. Based on this study lowering the drinking age will not decrease the amount of binge drinking occurring on college campuses across the nation. Some may argue that lowering the drinking age could possibly decrease binge drinking among college students and the Amethyst Initiative in 2008 offers some good ideas as to why. The Amethyst Initiative is made up of a group of college/university presidents (past and present) that believe the drinking age has contributed to an epidemic of binge drinking across college campuses. These group members basically believe that making alcohol easily accessible makes it not Ã¢â¬Å"forbiddenÃ¢â¬ or a bad thing, so college students will not be prone to binge drink. They even go so far as to use Prohibition as an example of why this logic should be considered in lowering the minimum drinking age. Another argument for wanting to lower the drinking age is that underage drinkers are more inclined to not seek medical attention when necessary after alcohol consumption. An underage student that may potentially have alcohol poisoningShow MoreRelatedWhy Lower the Legal Drinking Age?801 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pageslower the drinking age below 21 lose 10% of their annual federal highway appropriations (Haevens). This is the main reason the legal drinking age has not been lower below 21 years of age.a large number of the general population desires a lower drinking age. In the 25 years since the legal drinking age was set at 21, seven states have tried to lower it. (Wechsier ).It is unfair for the federal government to withhold money from states if they exercise their rights to set the legal drinking age to whatRead MoreDrinking Age During The United States Of America1325 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPatrick Murray Oakley, Sottile Senior Thesis 05/21/2016 Drinking age in the United States of America Remember being sixteen and the only thing we could possibly do with the rest of our lives was wait to turn eighteen? On our eighteenth birthday we found a renewed sense of the word maturity as we were now able to walk into gas stations or grocery stores to buy lottery tickets or a pack of cigarettes. At this point in our lives we were able to attain a full driver s license, noRead MoreThe Effects Of Binge Drinking On College Students Essay825 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBinge Drinking would have various of ways to define what in reality means. As for college students would define it as a way to drink non-stop, just for fun, or excessively drinking until drunk. Binge drinking can be interpreted in a scientific form, like NIAAA defines binge drinking as a pattern of drinking that brings blood alcohol concentration (BAC) levels to 0.08 g/dL. This typically occurs after 4 drinks for women and 5 drinks for menÃ¢â¬âin about 2 hours. (National Institute on Alcohol AbuseRead M oreQuicker Liquor Essay1506 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesShould We Lower the Drinking Age? | 18 vs. 21 | Ã¢â¬Å"Quicker LiquorÃ¢â¬ A Short Research Paper Should the legal drinking age be lowered? Those who supported the change for the 2009 re-authorization of the law (dubbed Pro 18), and those who wanted the law to remain at the current age of 21 (dubbed Pro 21), had three major categories to explore for this debate: safety, binge drinking and maturity. There is opposition and support on both sides of the issue including a coalition founded inRead MoreThe Legal Drinking Age Should Be Removed1735 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe legal drinking age should be removed because it teaches safe drinking, it removes the taboo around it, and history proves it does not work at 18. Conor Lewis 12-4-15 English 3rd Alcohol. The source of curiosity among young people everywhere. People everywhere, college students, and even some high school students enjoy it. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s no doubt this nation enjoys alcohol but what about the people who canÃ¢â¬â¢t taste it yet? What about those who are considered adults in every way and permitted toRead MoreEffects Of Binge Drinking On College Students Essay968 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHenry Wechsler in Getting Serious about Eradicating Binge Drinking, stresses how modern college students think that binge drinking is a norm in college life. I agree with Wechsler that the modern college student thinks binge drinking is normal. In High School, people would binge drink on a regular basis, and that eventually carried over into collegiate life. After being in college for about a month now, I realized that every night students binge drink either at bars, fraternity houses, or tailgatesRead MoreThe Effects of Underage Drinking Essay853 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesadults a buse the drinking age policy. It is put in effect for substantial reasons, which contribute in making the safest environment for all. Drinking underage is not only illegal, but also damages oneÃ¢â¬â¢s health tremendously. Furthermore, drinking in large amounts is extremely dangerous and can cause detrimental things to occur. There have been numerous attempts to create a law to lower the drinking age, but none have gone through. In contrast to what some people may say, the drinking age should not beRead MoreMaking The Law Fair While Saving Lives1740 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesyouth under the age of 21 in the United States is in the form of binge drinking (McCardell). Lowering the drinking age is a big topic among younger adults and concerned college parents. Being 18 people serve in the military and they are known as adults. People 18-20 have to hide when they are drinking which makes them thrive to drink and party more but it s dangerous. This is called binge drinking which is landing them in the hospital. Also, there are a lot of underage drinking that is going onRead MoreAlcohol Is The Most Widely Used Social Drug Essay1281 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬ËriskyÃ¢â¬â¢ drinking can cause serious health, personal and social problems. Heavy drinkers, binge drinkers and very young drinkers are at risk. Binge drinking is a particular problem among younger people, but anyone who drinks heavily or drinks too much in one session is at risk of both immediate and long-term alcohol related harm For children and young people under 18 years, not drinking is the safest option. Those who are under the age of 15 years of age at the greatest risk of harm from drinking alcoholRead MoreThe Drinking Age Of The United States Essay1599 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesBy the age of twenty-one, most people have at some point consumed an alcoholic beverage. For others, turning twenty-one might mean a whole new world of freedom. Young teens and adults drink for many reasons. Teens may drink because of peer pressure, others because of pure enjoyment, and many for of the thrill of breaking the law. Before the 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s, the legal drinking age was eighteen. This would only make sense because at this age a person is declared an adult. Many are in favor of keeping the drinking
Question: Present applied sociology on the group of people referred to as "People with Disabilities", making reference to the mass media and how the media portrays this group pf people in the society. Think about your understanding of mass media, ownership and control as well as representation and stereotyping. How has this impacted on People with Disabilities in various communities, for example within an African, Asian, European or American community setting? Answer: Overview The mass media is a very significant element of everyday life and has been vital in the distribution of valuable information to the society. Nevertheless, the impact of the mass media on society is sometimes not beneficial to the society, specifically in relation to disability, where the media continues to add to the inequity and injustice done to disabled people. This present report is on the topic of how the media portrays people with disabilities in the society. The report is based on the understanding of mass media, control, and ownership as well as stereotyping and representation, as well as how it has impacted such people in different communities. It outlines the strategies required to address the scenario and bring changes and future implications and hope. Importance of the chosen topic in sociology Particular attitudes, misconceptions, and beliefs are forms of major concern in the society that that compel certain groups of people to be secluded from the major section of the society. These factors attribute for significant barriers for the people to lead a normal life and become a part of the society. One such section of the society is the disabled people. Negative attitude as reflected by reduced awareness, reduced contact and reduced meaningful communication between disabled and non-disabled people is, therefore, topic of debate at all times (Zhang and Haller 2013). According to van Deursen and Van Dijk (2014) the mass media has always been the most suitable medium for assigning the personal experience of the common people. This implies that the mass media is an efficient vehicle for bringing about the greater understanding of the views of the disabled people. Mass media holds the potential to bring changes in the perceptions of the people about the disabled people. Images and stories shared by the mass media impact on the thinking of common people and thereby establish social norms. People with disabilities have faced issues due to misrepresentation, defamation, and lack of representation in the mass media (Briant, Watson and Philo 2013). This is the reason the topic of how the media portrays disabled people finds an important place in the society. How this group has been represented in the media Some commonly recurring stereotypes have been identified in the mass media by the disabled people. These are: the disabled people as an object of violence or curiosity, as pathetic and pitiable people, as evil or sinister, as laughable, as negative atmosphere, as the super cripple, as his enemy, as a burden and as being unable to take part in the daily life. The stereotypes are mainly evident on television, advertising and press. Disabled people have been under-represented on television. Disabled people rarely appear in quiz shows and soaps. In current affairs programs, stories about these people are usually linked to medical treatment and special achievements (Ellis et al. 2014). As opined by Devotta, Wilton and Yiannakoulias (2013), in fictional programs, disabled characters are seen in thriller and crime film genres as criminals or powerless victims. In the majority of cases, disabled characters are placed not because they are ordinary people but to indicate specifically the oppos ite. The use of disablist language is common in many of the leading newspapers, and another significant aspect is that news about disabled people is usually featured for their sensation value instead of their precision. There are two main ways in which the advertising industry takes part in discrimination. Firstly, disabled people are many times excluded and purposefully ignored by mainstream advertising agencies. Secondly, some advertisers use a particularly distorted view of disabled people for raising money. Implications and effect on this group in various communities The under-presentation of disabled people within the media has understandable implications for the power of the disabled people to impact how it is portrayed in the media. This has the influence on the community at large. Under-presentation of the disabled people has huge social implications (disabilityplanet.co.uk, 2016). The absence of disabled people from mainstream programming along with the connection between disability and medicine underpins the misconception that disabled people are ill and unable to take part in everyday life. These people, therefore, suffer from low self-esteem and confidence. The motivation to become an active part of the society is lost, and the battle with the society continues for ever. In all communities, the unlimited losers are these people who need much console and pacification. It adds to the plight of the people who need to battle against the discrimination to get into the mainstream society. Participation in daily activities of life along with the ordinary people is difficult in terms of getting equal rights and justice. In a society where people from different backgrounds live together, the scenario is the same (disability-studies.leeds.ac.uk, 2016). Strategies to address and change the situation According to Happer and Philo (2013) the main issue with mass media and disabled people is that disabled people have no say in how the television, advertising and the press represent them. There is a requirement to set up different policy initiatives emerging from the disability rights movements for rectifying this situation. This includes more involvement of the media personnel, especially those who are in the higher authority positions. Recruitment of disabled people with greater efforts to work in the media would be a desirable approach. One method of making corporate awareness of disability related issues somewhat less problematic is by integrating such people at different levels of the media organizations. Research needs to be conducted for producing a set of guidelines for enabling advertisers and media personnel avoid discrimination in the future. McCombs (2013) states that a comprehensive anti-discrimination legislation has to be put in place for providing a framework for eff ective policies that can ensure disabled people integrate completely in the mainstream social and economic life of the society. The framework also would send a clear signal throughout the society that discrimination against such people is not acceptable in todays time. This framework of legislation would make sure that the different initiatives are effectively practiced. Future implications and hope Several programs have to be put in place for changing the focus from misinformed, cloying and sensational disability coverage undermining legal advances and public policy towards coverage that leads to the end of disability discrimination by raising public awareness. Such programs would establish a mechanism for monitoring and informing coverage of disability in dramatic representations, news report, and internet report. The goal would be to advance accurate identification of disability issues. Such measures would help in promoting positive images of people having disabilities among the society. The development will be a step in the right direction with the aim of achieving many heights. The discrimination encountered by the disabled people is an individual prejudice, and therefore, attitudes and policies are to be made for providing equal opportunities to such people. Though the media is beginning to change, it is obvious that much more work is required by the disabled community and the media industry, where both learn from each other (Wolbring et al. 2013). Conclusion In the background of the rising awareness of the impact of mass media on lives of people with disability, it is desirable that changes are brought in the minds of people and their attitude towards these people. Stereotypes about disabled people are ingrained in the society and reflected in coverage of the mass media. More attention has to be given to ensure that the mass media is used as a positive force in eliminating stigma and discrimination against the disabled people. The legacy of demeaning, institutionalizing and isolating disabled people needs to be stopped and raising public awareness would be a good approach in this regard. References Briant, E., Watson, N. and Philo, G., 2013. Reporting disability in the age of austerity: the changing face of media representation of disability and disabled people in the United Kingdom and the creation of new folk devils.Disability Society,28(6), pp.874-889. Devotta, K., Wilton, R. and Yiannakoulias, N., 2013. Representations of disability in the Canadian news media: a decade of change?.Disability and rehabilitation,35(22), pp.1859-1868. Disabilityplanet.co.uk. (2016).Media Representation of Disabled People: A Critical Analysis. [online] Available at: https://www.disabilityplanet.co.uk/critical-analysis.html [Accessed 7 Apr. 2016]. disability-studies.leeds.ac.uk. (2016). [online] Available at: https://disability-studies.leeds.ac.uk/files/library/Barnes-Media.pdf [Accessed 7 Apr. 2016]. Ellis, K., Goggin, G., Huntsinger, J. and Senft, T., 2014. Disability and social media.The Social Media Handbook, pp.126-143. Happer, C. and Philo, G., 2013. The role of the media in the construction of public belief and social change.Journal of Social and Political Psychology,1(1), pp.321-336. McCombs, M., 2013.Setting the agenda: The mass media and public opinion. John Wiley Sons. van Deursen, A.J. and Van Dijk, J.A., 2014. The digital divide shifts to differences in usage.New media society,16(3), pp.507-526. Wolbring, G., Mackay, R., Rybchinski, T. and Noga, J., 2013. Disabled people and the Post-2015 development goal agenda through a disability studies lens.Sustainability,5(10), pp.4152-4182. Zhang, L. and Haller, B., 2013. Consuming image: How mass media impact the identity of people with disabilities.Communication Quarterly,61(3), pp.319-334.